06 Jan, 2020 Toward reconciling the Maori and Pakeha Church
Toward a Reconciling of the Maori and Pakeha Church
What happened and what can we do?
(Article extracted from ‘Outreach Today – 2020’, a Shining Lights Publication sent to churches throughout Aotearoa-New Zealand to encourage a clear-thinking, appropriate and healthy focus on outreach).
The early days of the ‘New Zealand mission’ were exciting. Despite cultural mistakes and misunderstandings in all directions, the early missionaries were good examples. In time, Māori began to embrace the faith as their own — and spread it throughout the nation themselves. As many as a half of all Māori were in weekly church services by the 1850s. Missionary advocacy for Māori was also significant in seeing Te Tiriti o Waitangi (The Treaty of Waitangi) formed. These are the kinds of stories the NZ Church came to know and celebrate in the time of our Gospel Bicentenary in 2014.
GOOD TIMES — MISSIONARIES AND CLERGY SUPPORT TE TIRITI
Throughout the 1840s and 1850s the support of many missionaries in defence of Te Tiriti and Māori land rights was commendable. When Governor Browne unjustly attacked Wiremu Kingi’s Pa at Waitara in 1861, Bishop Selwyn (the leader of the Anglican Church in New Zealand) spoke out strongly against the attack. The settler community was displeased with Selwyn, as also with other missionaries and clergy who supported Māori.
A SEPARATION OF WAYS
However, when the Kingitangi (Māori King) movement arose in the Waikato the missionary voice began to falter. Pākehā as a whole struggled with the idea of two monarchies, and feared the Māori King movement was a form of rebellion. As a result missionaries were unsure how to respond. When the Governor initiated an invasion of the Waikato, followed by widespread confiscations of Māori land, the voice of the Pākehā church and missionaries was too quiet.
A WELL-KNOWN LOW POINT
In 1881 an armed government force marched on the peaceful Māori community of Parihaka, near Mt Taranaki. The Government wanted to enforce its confiscation of Māori land, so sent troops against those dedicated to peace and non-violence — who were influenced by Jesus in this regard! Most of the Pākehā population was blind to the injustice — including the Pākehā churches. This is one of a number of low points. Māori felt betrayed!
WHY THE BETRAYAL?
Many factors were at play. Some, like Henry Williams, were intentionally silenced through false accusation because they sided too much with Māori. However, population changes paint the clearest picture. In 1840 there were 2000 settlers — and maybe 80,000 Māori; by 1861 (the first land war) Māori and Pākehā numbers had equalised at about 56,000 each; and by the time of Parihaka in 1881, Māori numbers were unchanged while Pākehā numbered over 500,000! They wanted land! [Ref: Laurie Guy, Shaping Godzone (Victoria University Press – Wellington, 2011), p40].
Consider that the voice of public media was almost entirely supportive of the Pākehā perspective. The pressure against clergy and missionaries who sided with Māori was immense. Their voices fell silent.
THE MĀORI CHURCH CONTINUES…
Yet, remarkably, Māori did not abandon their faith. Independent new movements arose like Pai Mārire, Ringatū, Te Whiti-o- Rongomai, Rua Kēnana and Ratana — all incorporating aspects of Biblical Christian faith.
The Rev. T.G. Hammond, a Wesleyan minister in Patea in the late 1870s, explained the Māori mood this way: “We have nothing against your Saviour; but we do not trust you.” [Ref: Ibid, p75].
While Māori have been involved in churches across Aotearoa throughout our history, there is still a divide. A wider reconciliation on these matters is a work in progress. This makes our continued efforts to understand and engage with this conversation important. Let’s journey wisely — and even if that journey is slow sometimes, let’s not give up!
“In repentance and rest is your salvation, in quietness and trust is your strength…” Isaiah 30:15
Other blogs by Dave Mann on this topic
- 2017 – Article – Biculturalism – more important than most think
- 2017 – New illustrated Treaty of Waitangi series launched
- 2018 – Article – Te Tiriti of Waitangi – How to overcome bicultural mistrust
- 2018 – Article – A vision of our bicultural future
- 2019 – Article – The need to keep our bicultural story honest
- 2019 – Article – How to ensure de-colonisation doesn’t become de-Christainisation
- 2019 – New illustrated NZ history story for ages 4 to 7, titled The First Kiwi Christmas
- 2020 – Toward a reconciling of the Maori and Pakeha church (What happened and what can we do?)
- 2021 – Bicultural or multi-cultural (some terminology for our conversations)
5 self-print bulletin-booklets for your church
- Called ‘Then and Now’ – about outreach and our early bicultural story, to give to church members with the bulletin over a 5 week period here (These booklet also encourager support of the Hope Project – which takes some of these stories to the public square).
An easy-to-read option to educate yourself, elders, children’s and youth leaders – and then all members (children, youth and adults)
- Consider the illustrated novel series: ‘The Chronicles of Paki – Treaty of Waitangi Series’. These can be found at BigBook.nz. View a blog with displaying some of its endorsements here.
Waitangi weekend sermon outlines (free)
- ‘Three Treaties’ (Gibeonites, Waitangi and Jesus) from Dave Mann is (word doc) here, with power point here
- Waitangi Weekend sermon – ‘Leaving a legacy’ – edited – with thanks to Keith Harrington (word doc) here
- Waitangi Weekend sermon – ‘Joshua and the Treaty (five treatise)’ – edited – with thanks to Keith Harrington (word doc) here
The Te Reo Pulpit Challenge
- Click here.